One of the second emperors named Peter II and only ruled the throne until his death of smallpox. Importantly, Lenin transformed Russia into a communist party. Nonetheless, Vladimir Lenin was confident in the economic revival of the Soviet Union. america had troops on Soviet soil after WW I figh ting for the "white russians" against the "red russians" Stalin was a brutal (insane?) Nothing came close to it in importance – a fact recognised at the time and which continues to prove compelling a full century later. Here are 17 facts about the Russian Revolution. In years from 1855 to around 1870 he tried to change the Russian backward Russia into powerful European country, which could be compared to the West. What role did women play in the Russian Revolution and civil wars? They have to fight the hardship of poverty to secure food, clothes and shelter. The Russian Revolution of 1917 involved the collapse of an empire under Tsar Nicholas II and the rise of Marxian socialism under Lenin and his Bolsheviks. There were, of course, two revolutions that year. The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, and political circumstances. His major publications include Civil War in Siberia: The Anti-Bolshevik Government of Admiral Kolchak, 1918 - 1920 (Cambridge University Press, 1997) and The Russian Revolution … Learn more about the Russian Revolution … Russia entered World War I relatively underdeveloped. The Socialist Party had 100,000 members and many members elected to public office across the country. Its landmass stretched from Europe to Asia and spanned one-sixth of the globe. The first revolution overthrew the tsarist government and replaced it with a Provisional Government of Duma members (mostly members of the Cadet party), who allowed a Contact Commission of the Petrograd Soviet to advise the government. Advantages And Disadvantages Of The 1917 Russian Revolution. Historical Background. With all the human and material costs, it did benefited to the society. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had an enormous impact on politics on a global scale for many decades. In November 1917, Lenin took over Russia and a series of reforms were introduced to institute a new social system in accordance with communist ideology. This essay will observe the political, economical , and social conditions in Russia chronologically from before the 1905 Revolution to 1924, to finally determine the extent of change meaning progress. He claimed that it was necessary to catch up immediately if they were not to be crushed. One of the most important armed conflicts in Mexico is known as the"Mexican Revolution", in which the country was in a dictatorship under the military control of Porfirio Diaz , which later would be relieved by Victoriano Huerta. Politics We already have the benefit of real revolutionary experience. The Russian Revolution is one of the most seminal events of the 20th century, ushering in a new form of politics to a major world power. Advertisement. Russian in 1930 lived better than in 1910; and in 1960 or 1980 lived better than any time under Tzars and Stalin. They were marching to the Winter Palace to present their petition in front of Czar Nicholas II. The author supports the concept of the «Great Russian Revolution», which unites these two events in a single process of revolutionary development. The October 1917 Russian Revolution . These range from awareness of social rights to economic, cultural and political achievements. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Even though this was the case, Lenin was a pillar of Bolsheviks party that supported socialism. With the Russian revolution conducted by Lenin, the USSR soon turned into a world superpower and the activist’s government style still influences communist governments today ‘ China, North Korea, Cuba, Vietnam, and Laos. The author draws attention to the following advantages of the concept under consideration. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, involving first the overthrow of the system of autocracy, and then the overthrow of the liberal Provisional Government (Duma), resulting in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. Industrialisation was brought in through Stalin’s Five Year Plans. Katie McElvanney explores how events of the Russian Revolution and civil wars were reported within Russia and abroad, and how the press was used to inform, persuade, or even repress, the masses. Lenin used all his powers of persuasion to convince the others that it was time for an armed insurrection. In the 1932 book Russia Washed in Blood, a Bolshevik's harrowing account of Moscow's devastation from the October Revolution contained the description, "frozen rotten potatoes, dogs eaten by people, children dying out, hunger," but was promptly deleted. It all went from this, To this!! However, religion was not the only thing abolished; many of Russia’s talented people had been executed as they were also seen as a threat to the reputation of the USSR. Primary documents on the Russian Revolution. But nothing in history is inevitable. The wealthy land owners and nobles lived a luxurious life but were the minority and only made up 20% of the Russian Empire. They are not rocket science but worth re-stating. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Russia was still extremely patriarchal. The nobility, which made up a little over 1% of the population owned important portions of the land, were very wealthy. The 3rd Annual Conference of the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies headed by MARTIN SCHULZE WESSEL (Munich) and ULF BRUNNBAUER (Regensburg) focused on the Russian October Revolution of 1917 under four main aspects: the performance of the Revolution in films and on stage, the rhetoric and religious semantics of the Revolution, and its global implications, especially in … Moreover, Sanitation and food source was not common in the ghettos, prisoners had to strip themselves of their dignities in order to barely survive: “Life in the ghettos was usually unbearable. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. Those who attempted to listen or read anything in a manner that did not glorify the Soviet, were severely punished. General Overview: In 1917 Russia went through two revolutions: February 24–29 and October 24–25. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. The revolution led to social benefits. Though the Russian Revolutions had many benefits, the event brought along with it many social downfalls. All work is written to order. Freedom was eradicated throughout Russia and the states took total control of the media this included, newspapers, cinema, and literature. Study for free with our range of university lectures! One hundred years on from the Russian Revolution, three main lessons emerge from the 75-year Great Soviet Experiment. Church leaders were arrested, murdered and the USSR destroyed nearly 70000 churches as the Soviet leaders could not have anyone else being opposed to his position. Progress is an improvement upon something previously worse. Poor living condition and Housing problems: The don’t get proper living conditions. As the Revolution ignited, the rest of Europe looked on in horror at the social and political upheaval. Due to population growth, taxes and crop failures, the pheasants lived in widespread poverty and famine. Do you see how Leo changed? None felt this more severely than Russia, which had entered the war confident but in a precarious political, economic and social state. (Victorian Era and Social Structure 5) This class usually had better schooling so their vocabulary was more sophisticated making this the class more intelligent that those below, most rich families had “the best tutors to provide education”(Victorian Era and Social Structure 5) The rich had most of the populations money allowing them to purchase all of, There are cases, they are few but there are cases in which there are rich families that do not care about the social status, they do not like to be recognized for the amount of money they have but for how they are. Poverty is when people cannot satisfy their basic needs, such as food and water. Anticipating an attack from Prussia and Austria, France preemptively declared war in 1792 kicking off the French Revolutionary Wars, followed by the Napoleonic Wars. Main Benefits of the Mexican Revolution . Effects Of The Russian Revolution. Servants and slaves worked for rich nobles, performing simple household tasks. Their ascent to power ended 1,100 years of imperial rule in the world’s largest nation. And while many émigrés eventually returned to France, very few Loyalists returned to the U.S. The February Revolution World War I weakened tsarism. Lenin made agreements with peasants to permit them to keep or sell any food they hade left after the Red Army Soldiers had taken a specific amount. First, it conceptualizes the revolution as a process contingent of a local and global historical context. The Industrial Revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries, was a period during which predominantly agrarian, rural societies in Europe and America became industrial and urban. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. “Three Rural Issues” indicates the social problems of Chinese rural area, agriculture and peasant caused by the wealth gap, loss in rural population, etc. In the end, the Russian Revolution was betrayed. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. Nobles, who once had incredible power and prestige, were then stripped to single room houses and bitter cold because they had to money to buy coal. Having debated through … This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Communists hijacked the russian revolution for their own dictatorships. Children learned communist ideas but they were still … A string of unsuccessful campaigns brought corruption to the monetary structure of Russia. It is evident from the discussion going on since the Russian Revolution that both the extreme reactionary and the ultra-radical have distorted conception of the unions: their origin, present and future functions and tasks. For several years before 1905 and especially after the humiliating Russo-Japanese War (1904–05), Some factors are caused by the people who live in that country, while other factors are due to the actual resources the country has, the economy of the country, and even social inequality. You can view samples of our professional work here. This provocative and eminently readable work looks at the many upheavals of the Russian Revolution as successive stages in a single process. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The 1917 Russian Revolution is a significant event in the Russian history, which saw the country that was Russia change through the overthrowing of Tsar Nicholas II and his monarchy family, to transforming the country into a communist state under named the Soviet Union. Russian Revolution of 1917 took place in two phases, the February Revolution and the October Revolution.While the February Revolution led to the end of tsarist autocracy in Russia with the abdication of Emperor Nicholas II, the October Revolution led by the Bolsheviks resulted in the establishment of the first Marxist state in the world with Vladimir Lenin as its leader. Work was provided to maintain somewhat suitable lives and occasionally grant the prisoners scarce food Plus, Orphans were also an issue, but also a big priority to adult prisoners: “Orphans often lived on the streets, begging for bits of bread from others who had little or nothing to share. To achieve this, Lenin made the right to divorce, rights to maternity leave, voting, education, standing for office and abortion all legal practices for women within Russia. Looking for a flexible role? The Russian Revolution of 1917 had an enormous impact on politics on a global scale for many decades. All independent newspapers were closed down, and in June 1922 restriction of all publications and imagery was placed under the control of Narkompros but strangely enough the Publications of the Communist Party and its affiliates were exempt. Several states also instituted child benefits to raise levels of child care and nutrition through general governmental revenues from taxation and other sources. All independent newspapers were closed down, … A major reason for the higher numbers of female Russian revolutionaries had to do with the late arrival in Russia of a different “revolution,” specifically, the Industrial Revolution. This is also a negative effect because communism replaces czarist rule. He gave bigger autonomy for Finland and Poland. On the Reduction of Secondary Education (Circular on the Cook's Children) Russian Minister of Education Count Ivan Davidovich Delianov recommends conditions that exempt institutions of secondary and higher education from admitting the children of "coachmen, footmen, cooks, laundresses, small shopkeepers and similar people" with the exception of particularly … Money doesn 't makes you happy, money just gives you material stuff but not happiness. It sparked the beginning of a new era in Russia that had effects on countries around the world. This damaged France’s economy for many years to come. Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States. Those aristocrats had pleasant living conditions, supported the Nicholas II, and most didn’t want a revolution to occur. Three years later, Lenin introduced free universal healthcare to all citizens of nation and it is clear that this would have made immediate positive effects on the quality of life for the Soviet community. Very, very bad!!! In March 1921 he introduced the ‘New Economic Policy.’ His plan was to allow Russia to recuperate from the War Communism. Workers in other countries must make their own revolutions. The Bolsheviks, who comprised the majority of soldiers in combat, felt that the nobility of the country had exploited the poor for their own benefit. Rural Area issue, due to diminished productivity, lack of infrastructure and exploitation, and high taxation by local governments and corporations, peasants in rural areas are extremely poor. To establish this new legislation, Lenin ended the reign of oppressive Tsarist Russia, the Russian Provisional Government and placed the Bolsheviks in charge of what was now no longer Russia, but the Soviet Union. Nothing came close to it in importance – a fact recognised at the time and which continues to prove compelling a full century later. The resources of poor people are very limited, and its effect can be seen in their diet. Lenin and his Soviet members also believed that the role of women would be critical for the success of revolution. Soviet Union - Soviet Union - The Russian Revolution: Sometime in the middle of the 19th century, Russia entered a phase of internal crisis that in 1917 would culminate in revolution. 1st Jan 1970 There are many factors that make a country poorer than others. It had both advantages and disadvantages. Russia was also embroiled in World War I during this time, which only added to the unrest. Oppression of women was widespread in the culturally … Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power, leading to the creation of the Soviet Union. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Eugene Debs, the most outstanding American socialist of his generation, had received 6% of the vote as the party’s presidential candidate in 1912. However, the majority of the population in Russia was the peasants. One hundred years ago, in the fall of 1917, Communists known as Bolsheviks seized power in Russia. They also worked the fields, dug canals, and worked in mines and. Decades of War. For the sake of stability, tsarism insisted on rigid autocracy that effectively shut out the population from participation in government. Thus the American Revolution produced refugees at almost four times the rate of the French Revolution. Focusing on the Russian Revolution in its widest sense, Fitzpatrick covers not only the events of 1917 and what preceded them, but the nature of the social transformation brought about by the Bolsheviks after they took power. Freedom was eradicated throughout Russia and the states took total control of the media this included, newspapers, cinema, and literature. Q. RUSSIAN REVOLUTION: Following the November 1917 revolution what was the name of the government/philosophy that was introduced. Farmers struggled to make a living, and went underappreciated even though they provided food for all of Egypt. Unemployment: Poor people move from villages to towns and form one town to another in search of employment/work. Because of the strict censorship in Russia, the population simply saw any ideas of independence as being pointless. I still maintain that the American Revolution brought momentous benefits, but let us not overlook its costs and excesses. The annual economic growth had fell from 8% to 1.4%. Many Kulaks opposed the idea of collectivism and many burnt their grain and killed their animals to avoid handing them over to the Government. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. Lenin played a key role in the Russian Revolution and the communist leader brought many social, political and economic reforms. They are not rocket science but worth re-stating. The 19th century, the Julian calendar, used by Russia, was 12 days behind the Gregorian calendar (used by most of the Western world) until March 1, 1900, when it became 13 days behind. On January 22,1905 a large strike took place under the leadership of the father Georgy Gapon. Progress is an improvement upon something previously worse. The overhaul of the leadership of Tsar Nicholas II and his monarchy family and the entry of V. Lenin led to a series of social reforms that reflected the communist ideologies the country adopted. Though the Russian Revolutions had many benefits, the event brought along with it many social downfalls. Although the bourgeoisie’s living conditions were more than sufficient, they weren’t satisfied by the Tsar’s autocracy. You should feel proud of who you are no matter. The second consequence of the Russian Revolution was the rise of Lenin as a powerful leader. According to Tsarist law, women were not much more than men’s slaves, and men had, by law, the right to beat their wives. WW1 had placed the people of Russia in a position where there was a major scarcity of resources, widespread famine and collapse in economy. Russia industrialized much later than Western Europe and the United States. It can only be considered progress when it is beneficial for the majority of the population as change can be progress to some while being disadvantageous to others. The benefits of the Bolshevik coup in 1917, can best be summarized as the following: 1, The overthrow of the Romanov Dynasty, and the extermination of the Romanovs, which took Russia into the 20th century as a republic and no longer ruled by inept monarchs or their feeble offspring. The Provisional Government was formed on March 1, 1917. 1991 and the Russian Revolution: Sources, Conceptual Categories, Analytical Frameworks* Stephen Kotkin Princeton University A man sets himself the task of drawing the world. The lower class, however, lived in poverty. The Russian Revolution has gone down in history as the victory of the workers and peasants over the czarist rulers. It was a defining event of the 20th century. Lenin sought to improve women’s rights and their social status. Advantages (i) Centre of economic life shifted from the villages to cities and towns where the factories were situated. However, with the revival strategies of Vladimir Lenin, Russia began to financially recover and by 1925, during the stir of Lenin’s NEP a ‘major transformation was occurring politically, economically, culturally and spiritually.’. Its is a revolution that happened in russia and all of the social classes were in and everyone was affected in it. Stalin’s use of Strong language shows us how truly serious the Soviet Union were going to be in promoting and carrying out their plans. The Russian Revolution also has to be viewed in light of Russia's own national history. The Russian Revolution dramatically changed Russia from an autocracy to a communist system of government. In such conditions the women were treated as the property of men. Peters reign on the throne lasted till 1725 and his empress Catherine continued until 1727. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Ulyanov - 1870-1924). dictator who caused the deaths of tens of millions of russians by starvation and secret police murder. Its effects are still well felt in the world today, with Russia having never fully shed the effects eighty years of Communist Party rule and the autocracy that preceded it. They made explicit commitments to promote the equality of men and women. The October Revolution (Nb. Stalin stated at a conference of the Union in February 1931 that Russia was ‘fifty or a hundred years behind the advanced countries’. In 1919, Lenin instituted free education throughout Russia. The Revolution in Russia occured as a reaction to the poverty which was endured by the average Russian at the time. The workers on the contrary, had far worse living conditions. There is no progress through change without deterioration. It was meant to be a temporary body that would govern Russia in place of the Tsar until elections could be held. Even before the Russian Revolution, the United States had a vibrant socialist left and radical labor movement. The Russian Revolution was, while a huge economic, social, and political change, the result of a number of different factors that built up over time, including economic, military, […] Those serfs had poor living conditions, and would support however proposed the best for them, as they wanted to get rid of the inequality between classes, and landlords, to own their land. Many froze to death in the winter”(“Life in the Ghettos” B). The aim of these Five Year Plans was to rapidly change the Soviet Union’s economic output to be caught up with the other large economies such as the USA. The Russian Revolution was a groundbreaking event that changed not only the course of Russia but also the world.. At the start of the 20th century, Russia was one of the world’s largest and most powerful empires. Copyright © 2020 IPL.org All rights reserved. Imagine people your age not having a place to live in, so they just sleep wherever they can, or imagine that children are sleeping with empty stomachs, almost starving, while you have so much food that you can’t even choose which one to eat now and which one to keep for later . ADVERTISEMENTS: (ii) Urban (cities) and rural (villages) life became dependant upon one an­other. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! They lived in cheap wooden houses or dormitories, had very low wages, could only afford to eat black bread, soup, and vodka. 1. Its population exceeded 100 million people, including dozens of ethnic and language groups. The Russian Revolution’s change was not progress, as disadvantages outnumbered advantages. The 1917 Russian Revolution took place in March (Gregorian Calendar). They fought and died for this. This gives us an idea of how bad their situation can lead to. The working class of society changed from being bitter poor to being moderately impoverished. No plagiarism, guaranteed! In order to spread the message of communism throughout the Soviet community, Lenin completely changed the way education, literature, cinema and music were portrayed. The Revolution started during World War I, and eventually the Soviet Union was formed. On October 10, a secret meeting of the Bolshevik party leaders was held. Lenin realised that ‘only by coming to an agreement with the peasants can we save the socialist revolution’ (Victor Serge, 1945, Memoirs of a Revolutionary) from ‘the seven years of turmoil and economic decline’ (Mosley, unkown, Russian Revolution of 1917). *You can also browse our support articles here >. Undated Communist poster. Soon after his reforms ‘women broadly participated in the Revolution and Civil War as militants, soldiers, police officials, and workers’ (Zetkin, 1920, The Women’s Question). In other words, the Russian Revolution, and the developments thereafter, cannot be viewed only as a product of Communist Revolution, but they also have to be viewed as a product of the social history of Russia, which was itself very brutal and oppressive. Lenin became a darling of Russians because he guaranteed them total peace by ending the war. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. The widespread economic crisis had hit the people of Russia so hard that ‘sons of the family had to spend part of the year either working for hire on nobleman’s estates or labouring in factories’ (Classroom Video, 1998, The Russian revolution: from the last Tsar to Lenin). Agricultural issue, due to the opening of market, small peasant economy is not able to compete with other big agricultural countries. However, other Bolshevik leaders were not yet quite convinced. The Russian Revolution of 1917 had many negative outcomes, but it also had some positive outcomes. This event is known as the Russian Revolution (or the Bolshevik / October Revolution). This revolution changed the history in so mamy different ways due it bieng the collapse of the Russian empire and the birth of the USSR(Union of Socialist Soviet Republics). Despite being one of the most important events in Mexican history and which, unfortunately, cost the lives of many people who fought for equality, the legacy of these people is still palpable. After the revolution, Lenin created free education throughout Russia. Katie McElvanney explores how events of the Russian Revolution and civil wars were reported within Russia and abroad, and how the press was used to inform, persuade, or even repress, the masses. There were many encouragements to expect more from life. Russian Revolution of 1905, uprising that was instrumental in convincing Tsar Nicholas II to attempt the transformation of the Russian government from an autocracy into a constitutional monarchy. The after effects of the First World War, the Russian Revolution and the Russian Civil war, were devastating on Russia’s economy.
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