Because of the inherent nature of perioperative nursing, limited time, lack of access, and irregular staffing patterns can create system barriers to education. They gain knowledge, develop skills, and become socialized into their work teams. 1. An important part of demonstrating growth and competency is being able to produce an accurate record of ongoing professional development. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. except certain content provided by third parties. In the complex, evolving perioperative setting, professional development is a priority, and the need for ongoing education is critical. The competencies were based on the 2003 National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties (NONPF) PMHNP competencies. An NPD educator, academic mentor, librarian, or experienced colleague can help guide nurses to take advantage of the endless professional development activities that are available. Nursing online education. The content of the article is not relevant to my practice. helps nurses prepare for new or different roles. 9th ed. The inputs are the learner(s) and the NPD practitioner (ie, educator). Nurses should update their résumés, curriculum vitae, or professional advancement portfolios on a regular basis to reflect professional development activities. Nurses across clinical settings face the sometimes daunting challenge of staying abreast of regulatory mandates, practice changes, equipment updates, and other workplace expectations. Nursing professional development is a part of the cumulative learning and growth that takes place during a nurse's career after passing the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) and securing a nursing license. 3. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. skill development to facilitate successful transition of new NPs into practice. Any queries (other than missing content) should be directed to the corresponding author for the article. The competencies are essential behaviors of all NPs. One-day workshops, a platform for continuous professional development of nursing staff in a neonatal intensive care unit. Ms Van Anderson and Ms Bakewell have no declared affiliations that could be perceived as posing potential conflicts of interest in the publication of this article. ), How will you change your practice? 4. Serving as a charge nurse, preceptor, or an active committee member can help build leadership and communication skills. Tracy (2009) explained direct clinical care is the central competency of advanced practice nursing because it informs and shapes the execution of the other six core competencies that will be discussed later (p. 123). Nurses can attend workshops; work with colleagues to write and submit manuscripts for publication; or serve as guest lecturers or panelists at a local nursing school, health fair, or volunteering event. To receive continuing education credit, you must complete the online Examination and Learner Evaluation at http://www.aornjournal.org/content/cme. Others face yearly competency validations and learning events with less enthusiasm. Health Delivery System Competencies Reflection Sample essays. For example, an emerging nurse manager may connect with an experienced mentor through a professional leadership group, and this relationship may lead to other growth experiences and connections. Joint Accreditation: interprofessional continuing education. The future of nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. http://www.aornjournal.org/content/cme. Amended 2012. prescriptive authority. Nursing as Knowledge Work: The Imperative for Lifelong Learning. Discuss the importance of engaging in various types of NPD activities. Certification bodies, such as the American Nurses Credentialing Center, allow nurses to create online accounts to track professional development activities required for certification or renewal.19 Activities might include continuing education, academic credits, presentations, publication, research, preceptorships, and professional service (eg, serving on committees). This article describes the background and rationale for the curriculum redesign, the transition process, our resulting set of curriculum competencies, associated learning strategies, and some of the barriers and benefits we encountered. Education that occurs when members from 2 or more professions learn with, from, and about each other to enable effective collaboration and improve health outcomes. Health Resources and Services Administration. The American Nurses Association defines the general standards of practice for professional nurses across settings and specialties.1 Multiple nursing specialties also have standards of practice and performance for nurses who work in specific areas or with certain patient populations. These competencies teach nurse practitioner students how to influence legislation to improve health issues and social problems like poverty, literacy, and violence. Clinical Inquiry: Exploring the Feasibility of a New Graduate Transition to Practice Residency That Supports the Nurse Practitioner in a Large HMO Setting. • Usually refers to nursing activities, CNE. You can identify such a competency as a goal to be reached by recruiting experienced managers and developing from within to achieve the optimum blend of skills on the management team. Many state boards of nursing require a certain number of continuing nursing education (CNE) contact hours or professional nursing activities, or both, per RN license renewal cycle. They also can serve as writers or content experts for certification preparation materials. Pricing is subject to change. The Competency & Credentialing Institute13 also offers a system for tracking contact hours. ... Attends to the patient–nurse practitioner relationship as a vehicle for therapeutic change. These efforts, in part, constitute nursing professional development (NPD), the outcomes of which are growth, learning, and change.3. Nurses with as few as one to two years of experience can serve as mentors for nursing students or new graduate nurses. In addition to earning contact hours, to engage in NPD, nurses can. Parkinson's Disease: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Management. High, Identify barriers to participating in NPD activities. American Nurses Credentialing Center, About Joint Accreditation. International Textbook of Reflective Practice in Nursing. For example, a simple spreadsheet with name; topic; date; type of activity; outcome measure; and number of hours, credits, or contact hours can be used to help organize and track progress. They learn about their jobs and the expectations that accompany their new positions. Sherwood G, Barnsteiner J, eds. Competencies for the Nurse Practitioner Working with Adult Urology Patients Susanne A. Quallich, Sherry M. Bumpus, and Shelley Lajiness I t is widely recognized that with the aging population in the United States there is a growing need for urologic care that exceeds the capacity of Their expertise as both facilitators of education and subject matter experts can be leveraged to help customize education and streamline the process of identifying resources. Keywords: assessing competence, nurse practitioner transition to practice 2014 Elsevier, Inc. Nursing knowledge center. 2. Nurses can use a specific folder, either paper or electronic, as a central catch‐all for certificates of completion, contact hour awards, evaluations, and other forms of documentation such as copies of conference programs at which they gave podium or poster presentations. American Nurses Association. 2. NP Competency Achievement The reflection specifically identifies and addresses the pre-determined NP core Competency*** and provides 2 or more examples of how the student specifically achieved or had exposure to this competency during this course/clinical. 5. The policy core competencies include the following: No sponsorship or commercial support was received for this article. NONPF convened a work group to identify the suggested curriculum content for the NP Core Competencies. Regardless of a nurse's perspective or motivation related to NPD, the avenues and resources for addressing learning needs are plentiful. Continuing professional development. To what extent were the following objectives of this continuing education program achieved? Some states are more prescriptive, requiring continuing education on specific topics such as domestic violence, pain management, or medical errors. Reflective Practice: Transforming Education and Improving Outcomes. In a nationwide survey of more than 600 nurses across various settings and age groups, many participants commented that nursing's emphasis on lifelong learning, continuing education, and returning to school are things that nurses do well.9 However, nurses face certain challenges regarding their ongoing education and professional development. For this analysis, the comparison of core competencies will be performed for nurse practitioners (NP) adult and nurse administrators. new NPs have reported that they feel unprepared for transition to the NP role and Program coordinators must apply and be approved for contact hours by an official accrediting body. 1 credit hr = 60 min. Lifelong learning can take place formally or informally, either inside or outside the work setting.5. Professional development activities reach far beyond searching for and tracking contact hours. Rubrics clarify performance expectations and can reduce confusion around The throughputs of the model are the various kinds of learning activities in which nurses can engage, and the outputs are learning, change, and professional growth and competence. 2. I do not have enough time to teach others about the purpose of the needed change. Perioperative staff members may work in less accessible areas of a hospital or care setting, making it more difficult for equipment, education classes, or training to be available to them. Accessed April 28, 2017. Nurses wishing to return to school have cited a need for leadership support related to inflexible work schedules.11 Peer pressure to maintain the status quo on a team or a particular unit may serve as a barrier to professional development. Accessed December 17, 2013. This learning process is ongoing throughout nurses’ careers and reflects their continuous professional development. Although it takes planning and discipline, the investment in learning is prudent. The Future of Certification: Beyond Contact Hours. This identification can help educators align the learner with the most appropriate learning resource. AORN is accredited with distinction as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. Accessed April 28, 2017. Cancellation, “no‐show,” and refund policies are usually clearly noted for off‐site events and are important to consider because even well‐laid attendance plans may change. Learn more. Nurse practitioner education, which is based upon the NONPF competencies, recognizes that the student’s ability to show successful achievement of the NONPF competencies for NP education is of greater value than the number of clinical hours the student has performed (NONPF, 2008b). Identify an APN with whom to conduct an interview. entry-level competencies for registered nurses in direct practice learning experiences. The Examination and Learner Evaluation are printed here for your convenience. AORN recognizes these activities as CE for RNs. Low 1. The correlation of metacognitive ability, self‐directed learning ability and critical thinking in nursing students: A cross‐sectional study, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2017.06.002, http://www.accme.org/sites/default/files/011_20170421_Glossary_of_Terms_3.pdf, https://www.aorn.org/education/individuals/continuing‐education, http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/CertificationandAccreditation/Continuing‐Professional‐Development, http://www.nursingsociety.org/learn‐grow/education, http://www.pfiedlerenterprises.com/8‐nurse/online‐education‐20100812102420, http://nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/Policy‐Advocacy/Positions‐and‐Resolutions/ANAPositionStatements/Position‐Statements‐Alphabetically/Professional‐Role‐Competence.html, http://www.nursecredentialing.org/accreditation/resourcesservices/accreditation‐whitepaper2012.pdf, http://www.nursingcenter.com/ceconnection/ce‐state‐requirements, http://www.cc‐institute.org/continuing‐education/providers, http://www.cc‐institute.org/cnor/recertify/contact‐hours, http://www.mycme.com/state‐licensing‐cmece‐requirements/section/3858/, http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Certification/CertificationRenewal/RenewalFAQs#renewal, http://www.jointaccreditation.org/about‐joint‐accreditation, http://www.nursecredentialing.org/Certification/CertificationRenewal.aspx. The environment for learning can be wherever the learning takes place: at the bedside, in a classroom, via a podcast or online learning module, in a simulation laboratory, or off site at a conference. New nurse practitioners (NPs) must be safe and effective in their first job. They may need to present the benefits of attending an activity (eg, training to become a unit champion, sharing best practices) and request hospital business time. Published June 2011. 3. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, Accessed April 28, 2017. 3. Accessed April 28, 2017. Reflective visual journaling during art therapy and counseling internships: a qualitative study. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, In addition to general continuing education requirements and expectations, nurses in the perioperative setting must consider the KSAs specific to their specialties. Depending on a nurse's goals and identified learning needs, these activities might include learning skills needed to advance to a new role on the unit or in the organization, seeking specialty certification, or even returning to school to begin or complete an academic degree. Learners should be certain that the education they intend to pursue for certification, licensure, or other official purposes is awarded from a credible, approved source. Accessed April 28, 2017. The APN should practice in one of the following roles: CNS, CNP, CNM, or CRNA. (Select all that apply). Learners can also use these practice domains to identify their areas of strength and areas that may need to be refreshed or reinforced. One suggestion is to do so each year during benefits open enrollment, when setting aside funds for child care, flexible spending, and other accounts. Individual nurses have the responsibility to reflect regularly upon their knowledge, skills, and attitudes (KSAs) to identify professional practice gaps. Some states have employment hour requirements in lieu of or in addition to contact hours. Connecting with colleagues and leaders within or across specialties can expose nurses to new ideas, practices, and resources. These systems aid users in planning and completing the necessary elements during the course of the licensure or certification cycle. HUMAN FLOURISHING Human flourishing is defined as “an effort to achieve self-actualization and fulfillment within Lifelong learning in medicine and nursing: final conference report. http://bphc.hrsa.gov/about/healthcenterfactsheet.pdf. I will provide education to my team regarding why change is needed. Leadership competencies enable current and future leaders to take on greater responsibility and perhaps, eventually, lead the organization. Journal of Adult and Continuing Education. Learning needs can then be categorized, prioritized, and addressed for nurses at all levels to maintain competence and ensure that practice is unaffected. These competencies are for entry to practice for all nurse practitioners. Two rubrics for assessing NP performance, 1 focused on established NP role competencies Some hospitals provide tuition support or remission for nurses as a retention strategy or as part of their employee benefits package. These standards—along with regulatory changes, advances in clinical practice, technical updates, and organizational expectations—help to determine the competencies nurses need to maintain safe, current practice. Accessed April 28, 2017. https://www.aamc.org/download/92612/data. Nursing continuing education. As a coeditor of the Journal for Nurses in Professional Development, Susan L. Bindon, DNP, RN‐BC, CNE, has declared an affiliation that could be perceived as posing a potential conflict of interest in the publication of this article. Another concern for many nurses is the cost of some continuing education or professional development activities. A general term for professional adult education undertaken to improve KSAs and to help meet career goals. To fulfill the practice The Path to Becoming an NP. As a coeditor of the Journal for Nurses in Professional Development, Dr Bindon has declared an affiliation that could be perceived as posing a potential conflict of interest in the publication of this article. To read this article in full you will need to make a payment. Perioperative nursing practice encompasses multiple roles and affects patient populations of all ages. Some events offer group discounts for a number of colleagues coming from one facility or organization, which can help to contain costs. I will work with management to change/implement a policy and procedure. Individual nurses are accountable for their practice, as outlined in the American Nurses Association's Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice. Registration and membership requirements: The competencies are used by CNO to inform registration eligibility decisions. How nurses view lifelong learning and their own professional development varies significantly. Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing. High, To what extent did this article increase your knowledge of the subject matter? Nurses should determine if they can take advantage of assistance provided by their facility. Other organizations do not, prompting some nurses to consider these activities as nonviable options for ongoing education. By the 1980s, with the popularity of nursing master’s programs, the profession faced a shortage of well-prepared nurse educators. The Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies (NP Core Competencies) integrate and build upon existing Master’s and DNP core competencies and are guidelines for educational programs preparing NPs to implement the full scope of practice as a licensed independent practitioner. 3. If no, answer question #8B. Topics include core competencies for NPs and core NP practice doctorate competencies, population-focused NP competencies, a position on clinical hours for NP preparation in DNP programs, use of simulation in clinical education, mentoring, faculty practice, and the clinical evaluation of NP students. It also highlights the partnership between individual nurses and the NPD educator, who can facilitate and support the NPD process. http://www.jcrinc.com/cehelp/#1570. Even if worksites keep track of employees’ annual competencies and required education using a learning management system, it is wise for nurses to maintain their own records as well. With time, experience, and support, they will become safe, independent nurses practicing in intense, high‐stakes specialties. that not all physicians and employers understand the NP role. The goals of an orientation period are for nurses to demonstrate basic competency and integrate into their new roles and settings. AORN is provider‐approved by the California Board of Registered Nursing, Provider Number CEP 13019. Nursing professional development is a part of the cumulative learning and growth that occurs during a nurse's career after passing the National Council Licensure Examination (NCLEX) and securing a nursing license. UMBRELLA REVIEW: IMPACT OF REGISTERED NURSES’ CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION INFORMED BY CONTEMPORARY REVIEWS OF LITERATURE. The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health. Low 1. Role‐based annual competency assessment and mandatory education are only the beginning. ... mental health nurse practitioner competencies: Opportu-nities for the 21st century. Rubrics (scoring tools Creating a system to plan, organize, track, and maintain records is imperative and saves time and effort in the long run. NCNP Fall 2019 Wolters Kluwer, publisher of The Nurse Practitioner , is the sponsor of the fall National Conference for Nurse Practitioners (NCNP): The Conference for Primary and Acute Care Clinicians, which will be held September 24-27, 2019 at The Mirage Hotel in Las Vegas. 4. http://www.nursingworld.org/MainMenuCategories/CertificationandAccreditation/Continuing‐Professional‐Development. articulated in competencies than in objectives. To receive continuing education credit, you must complete the online Examination and Learner Evaluation at http://www.aornjournal.org/content/cme. American Nurses Credentialing Center. role. To take advantage of these types of opportunities, nurses need to plan ahead and communicate their plans to their supervisors. A score of 70% correct on the examination is required for credit. Building Expertise: Cognitive Methods for Training and Performance Improvement. The American Nurses Credentialing Center states that these gaps may result from a “change that has been made to a standard of care, a problem that exists in practice, or an opportunity for improvement.”4 Once identified, practice gaps become learning needs. competencies are used by CNO in evaluating baccalaureate nursing education programs to ensure the curriculum prepares graduates to successfully achieve professional practice standards before entry to practice. All NPs are registered nurses (RNs). This active process helps nurses prepare for new or different roles and respond to inevitable changes in the practice environment. Journal for Nurses in Professional Development. In other situations, nurses may need to use their own vacation or personal time for education. • Relatively new term as interprofessional education efforts gain momentum. As more nurse educator programswere developed, the need for consistency in curriculum and standards grew. http://www.nursingcenter.com. Competencies generally fall into two categories: core and leadership. AORN Journal. Published April 2017. For example, learning to use a new electronic documentation system may include elements of all three learning categories: knowledge about the system's functionality, data‐entry skills, and an open‐minded attitude toward new technology and processes. By mastering these competencies the nurse practitioner will have the skills and knowledge needed to practice independently. The NPD Practice Model describes the NPD process as a(n). Their development plans may be more along the lines of “checking the boxes.” They may complete what is required to maintain their positions but do not necessarily extend their learning activities beyond the basics. © 2020 Association of periOperative Registered Nurses, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, 2015 ANCC Primary Accreditation Provider Application Manual, Nursing Professional Development: Scope & Standards of Practice, Continuing education requirements for nurses by state. Nurses can track their activities electronically or by hard copy or use a combination of both methods. Low 1. High, Will you be able to use the information from this article in your work setting? A robust professional network can provide a nurse with support, influence, and recognition and is a valuable element of a nurse's successful career path. 3. Core competencies are those that everybody in the organization needs to build in order to do their work. Learn about our remote access options. I used this on every patient seen in clinical with the ability to access current and relevant data and evidence-based research in which help determine and come up with differential diagnosis and develop treatment plans for the patients for the best outcomes for the patient. Published 2003. http://www.accme.org/sites/default/files/011_20170421_Glossary_of_Terms_3.pdf. Accessed December 13, 2012. Pfiedler Enterprises. Nurse.com. NursingCenter: professional development for nurses. Cognitive Design Solutions. Perlstein et al noted __________ as one of the primary barriers to nurses seeking specialty certification. Measurement in Nursing and Health Research. The Competency & Credentialing Institute13 lists several acceptable contact hour providers for certain perioperative certifications. From New Nurse Practitioner to Primary Care Provider: A Multiple Case Study of New Nurse Practitioners Who Completed a Formal Postgraduate Residency Training. To determine the foundational framework for NP ability in the productivity equation, the basic core competencies expected of an NP … Nurses certified in advanced practice roles typically must fulfill ongoing education requirements to maintain their status, with special emphasis on their area of practice.6. More than a decade ago, researchers identified nine major perioperative practice areas or domains for perioperative nursing. Core competency is a unique skill or technology that creates distinct customer value. © 2016 ANPD. http://www.cognitivedesignsolutions.com/PerfSupport/PerfSupport1.htm. Perceptions of the use of reflective learning journals in online graduate nursing education. Reflection as a transforming process: student advanced nurse practitioners' experiences of developing reflective skills as part of an MSc programme. Flexible schedules and some creative planning can allow nurses to make the most of their days off without necessarily using vacation or personal time. The NPD Practice Model5 (Figure 1) describes the NPD process as an input‐throughput‐output system. Electronic calendars or schedulers are great tools for helping perform regular updates. Continuing education help. American Association of Colleges of Nursing. Accessed December 16, 2013. Learning styles, previous learning experiences, comfort with technology, career goals, years of experience, presence of mentoring, and availability of support might influence a nurse's readiness and willingness to pursue NPD activities. For example, New Jersey requires 30 contact hours every two years and Massachusetts requires 15; however, other states, including Arizona, Colorado, and Maine, do not require any.6 Professional activity requirements also vary but might include precepting, participating in research, obtaining national certification, or engaging in additional academic coursework. level for nurse practitioner (NP) practice (NONPF, 2008a). Competency & Credentialing Institute, State license CME/CE requirements for physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. Given the varied settings, roles, organizational cultures, and regulatory requirements that exist concerning continuing education and professional development for nurses, it is understandable that managing one's own learning can be a challenge. For decades, healthcare professionals have pondered the best way to develop core competencies for nurse educators to establish consistent educational standards. There is a significant amount of resources and content available to nurses pursuing NPD. The Cleveland program is a full-time 12-month program that seeks to further develop the primary care clinical and professional skills necessary to achieve competence as a highly functional primary provider. Accessed April 28, 2017. Lippincott NursingCenter, Clinical assessment centers: a cost‐effective alternative for competency development, Perioperative Nurse Competency Continuum Study [technical paper], The Nurse's Reality Shift: Using History to Transform the Future, Addressing barriers to achieving nursing certification: development of a certification achievement program on a medical‐surgical unit, Motivators and barriers to returning to school: RN to BSN, Acceptable contact hour providers. Leadership and accountability begin with individual nurses who identify their ongoing learning needs and strive to meet them by engaging in relevant, high‐quality learning activities. The competencies are organized in seven content domains: Management of Patient Health/Illness Status, The Nurse Practitioner-Patient Relationship, The Teaching-Coaching Function, Professional Role, Managing and Negotiating Health Care Delivery Systems, Monitoring and Ensuring the Quality of Health Care Practices and Culturally-Sensitive Care (NONPF, 2006). 1 contact hr = 60 min. Effectiveness of a geriatric medical student scholars program: a qualitative assessment. From Novice to Expert: Excellence and Power in Clinical Nursing Practice. Joint Commission Resources. Education activities required as part of a nurse's job, such as basic or advanced cardiac life support renewals or policy updates, may not include continuing education contact hours. This work group consisted of members of the task force that prepared the 2014 edition of the NP Core Competencies, as well as additional representation from the NONPF Board and Curricular Leadership Committee. Perlstein et al10 noted lack of support as one of the primary barriers to nurses seeking specialty certification. This document was updated in May 2017 to align with the 2016 Adult-Gerontology Acute Care And Primary Care NP Competencies. Nurses should consider allocating personal funds to supplement any employer sponsorship, membership, or partnership discounts. Nurse practitioner core competencies. “[E]ducational activities that serve to maintain, develop, or increase the knowledge, skills, and professional performance and relationships a physician uses to provide services for patients, the public, or the profession.”. Regardless of their particular roles or specialties, all perioperative nurses should assess their KSAs continuously as their careers develop. Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies. Nurses must identify what type of structure works best for them and take responsibility for their own professional development. A specific designation of learning time or course time where 1 hr = 0.1 CEU and 10 hr = 1.0 CEU. Week 8: ReflectionReflect back over the past eight weeks and describe how the achievement of the course outcomes in this course have prepared you to meet the MSN program outcome #4, the MSN Essential IV, and the Nurse Practitioner Core Competencies # 7. For assistance with determining specific requirements, nurses may want to consider starting with their state's board of nursing web site, which will offer information regarding current licensure and renewal requirements. Debra Wallace, DNP, RN, FNP-BC, mentors nursing students and nurse practitioner students while working for Kaiser Permanente in Santa Clarita, CA, and can be reached at. Nurses can take advantage of many other kinds of education offerings either in house, online, or through an outside agency. 5. Accessed April 28, 2017. indicates that continuing education (CE) contact hours are available for this activity. Adult-Gerontology Primary Care Nurse Practitioner Competencies (2016) View 2010 Version This 2010 publication delineates the entry-level competencies for graduates of master’s, doctorate of nursing practice (DNP), and post-graduate programs preparing primary care … Residency programs for primary care nurse practitioners in federally qualified health centers: a service perspective. Read the NONPF core competencies and competencies for PMHNP students. I will plan an informational meeting with physicians to seek their input and acceptance of the need for change. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. The Thinker's Guide to the Nature of Critical and Creative Thinking. Not knowing what education is needed and what educational opportunities are available can also stifle nurses’ efforts to grow, develop, and progress professionally. One way to view competencies is by the type of skills needed to achieve them: technical skills, interpersonal skills, or skills related to critical thinking. Non-nurses entering an NP program must complete the requirements to sit for the RN licensure exam, either as a prerequisite to the NP program or as part of an articulated educational program that delivers general nursing content in addition to the NP-specific content. Low 1. By continuing you agree to the, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nurpra.2014.04.018, New Nurse Practitioner Competencies: Skill Development and Reflective Writing Rubrics, nurse practitioner transition to practice, http://bphc.hrsa.gov/about/healthcenterfactsheet.pdf, http://www.aanp.org/practice/iom-future-of-nursing, http://www.cognitivedesignsolutions.com/PerfSupport/PerfSupport1.htm, http://www.aacn.nche.edu/education-resources/IPECReport.pdf, Interprofessional Education Collaborative Expert Panel. Professional journals often seek volunteers to serve as manuscript or book reviewers or serve on their editorial boards.
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